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In literature, there is a clear link between her, Demeter, and Persephone. What we suggest is selected independently by the Kidadl team. She was also closely associated to the spiritual world, ghosts, and the dead. Hecate was weaved strongly into all these symbolisms of the crossroads and still does to her devotees. The name Hecate means:The Most Lovely One; Worker from Afar; Three -Headed Hound of the Moon; Influence from Afar; The One Before the Gate; Light Bringer. She is believed to visit the Underworld to help other gods and people who were outcasts due to fear. She has long been associated with witchcraft and the occult, even necromancy. She is commonly depicted as a three-headed Goddess, or the Greek version of The Triple Goddess, being the Maiden, Mother, and Crone depending on the season. Hectate is derived from the Greek word 'hekatos,' which 'means worker from afar.' But she isnt in the Homeric epics, which is a big deal. The triple Hecate represented three aspects of a single goddess. Hecate's appearance is dark-haired and beautiful, but with an eerie edge to that beauty befitting a goddess of the night (though the actual goddess of the night is Nyx). And the dark moon is also a powerful time to cleanse you, from negative energy, negative influences or potentially harmful spirits. There are many other interesting facts about Hecate as pointed out by philosophers and researchers. She was often shown holding two torches, such as would be found beside gates, to allow her to illuminate both sides of a boundary. Omissions? Those who failed to win the goddesss favor could expect her to invite evil and misfortune into their lives. Even in descriptions of Medeas witchcraft, it is difficult to distinguish magical rituals from more standard worship and rites. The goddess Hecate is one of the lesser-known goddesses of the Greek pantheon. Her parentage was given differently by various writers. She was the only one among the Titans who retained this power under the rule of Zeus, and she was honored by all the immortal gods. Regula, deTraci. People believed that by honoring and praying to this Goddess, their homes would be preserved from the vengeance of the dead. But Hekate was in this time also connected to liminality. Her origins and powers were unexplained and changeable. For many it is a time to connect with Her, to thank her for her blessings, her guidance and her protection during the last lunar cycle and also to ask her to bless and protect them in the new lunar cycle. They were so closely linked that Hecate was referred to as Medeas mother in some later texts, although earlier ones had said she was the child of an Oceanid. There might not be any figure in Greek mythology that is as misunderstood as Hecate. She is depicted on the altar of Pergamon with one body and three heads (ca. She was often placed at the entrance of homes to help protect against the evil forces of the world. Major temple shrines to Hecate were in the regions of Phrygia and Caria. Wormwood and cypress are traditional herbs in spirit work and lavender brings a kind of protection to your workings without banishing all the spirits around you at the crossroads. Archaeologists have found essential offerings to the goddess at Lagina in Caria and Phrygia. Even in her origin, Hecate moved between two places. Hecate was a cathonic goddess that preceded the Olympians, and it seems that she was highly worshipped in Thrace. There are cult sites for the goddess Hecate in Caria, which shows that people there worshipped her. We hope you love our recommendations for products and services! Long before Hesiod and Homer began writing their poetry, the stories of the gods were passed on through oral tradition. A case in point is the Greek goddess Hecate. When the marriage of Persephone was finalized and she became the queen of the underworld, the bond between the three goddesses was strengthened. If lost at a crossroads, literal or metaphoric, invoke her name and then pay attention to signs from her. To find out more about LearningMole please visit our about us page or visit more of our topics available. Hecate is closely associated with several other goddesses in the Greek pantheon, with symbolism and function seeming to overlap. She can be a shadowy, oblique goddess: her response may be subtle. Hecate Triodos is the specific aspect presiding over crossroads. She is helping a dog attack a giant who looks like a snake. A: In the play Macbeth by Shakespeare, in Act three, scene five, Hecate was shown to be angry with the witches as they excluded her from their meetings with Macbeth. Many Anatolian gods had their roots in the Greek pantheon. Related Topics: greek. Persephone was married to Hades and was the queen of the Underworld. The earliest archaeological evidence that has been found that proved that this deity was important and worshipped by the people was the circular altar that was used in the 6th century BCE for sacrifices to her. Selenite, tiger's eye, obsidian, rhodochrosite, jet, jasper, agate, and amber are the most suited crystals for Hecate. Study medicinal and magical herbalism and become one of Hecate's priestesses. Hesiod describes the goddess in the following glowing terms: Zeus, Cronus son, honoured [Hecate] above all others: he gave her splendid gifts to have a share of the earth and of the barren sea, and from the starry sky as well she has a share in honour, and is honoured most of all by the immortal gods. Some scholars of ancient Greek religion have noted that Apollo was occasionally given the name Hecatos, which they interpret to mean one who reaches far. These academics believe that Hecate, therefore, may have once been another name for Apollos twin sister, Artemis. Due to her dark attributes, this deity has often been associated with the Underworld. She was known by her Roman name, Trivia, as well as by her triple form. The conflicting origins of Hecate were only the beginning of what made this goddess so mysterious. The Greek name of Hecate may derive from an earlier Egyptian frog-headed goddess called Heqet, who ruled over magic and fertility and was a favorite of women. She was the ruler of crossroads, entrances, nighttime, light, magic (witchcraft and sorcery), herbs and plants. As the Romans developed and constructed superior road systems, we started to see the emergence of choices and nowadays in modern. This could mean that the goddess didnt come to Greece from Caria until a relatively late date. When Alcmene was in labor with Heracles, Hera attempted to stop the childs birth. Some experts believe that the three heads or faces of the Goddess Hecate denote the full, half, and new moon. We recommend that these ideas are used as inspiration, that ideas are undertaken with appropriate adult supervision, and that each adult uses their own discretion and knowledge of their children to consider the safety and suitability. Even though there arent many myths about the goddess Hecate, the ones that do exist tell us a lot about where she has power. Share This Post. The name Hecate comes from the Greek word "Hekatos," which was thought to be a really distant and obscure epithet associated with Apollo, the Greek god of music . But Hecate is not the evil hag that popular legend suggests. A goddess of crossroads, magic, poison, and the undead, Hecate was also the daughter of the Titan Perses and the nymph Asteria, according to Hesiod. These statues took on a distinctive appearance. She was accepted at an early date into Greek religion, but she probably was originally a goddess of the Carians in southwestern Asia Minor. The Goddess Hecate is supposed to be the daughter of Perses, a Titan, and Asteria, a nymph. Home History Great Facts about Goddess Hecate. She would go with Persephone to the Underworld every year when the girl returned to Hades. The dog was so closely tied to her than in many ancient stories people could hear the howling and barking of her sacred animal when her magic was used nearby. In the Greek religion, strange rituals were done to honour the goddess. Hecate has been referenced in various literary works, including the plays by Sophocles and Euripides. To the Greeks this meant not only the moment at which the soul crossed between those to states, but also to a literal place. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/greek-mythology-hecate-1526205. Who is Hecate? She is also known as Soteria (Savior), the Mother of Angels, and the Cosmic World. Her name was derived from the Greek word hekatos which means "worker from afar". Carole Raddato/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0. In 1929, an expert in religious cults noted that the Blackburn Cult or The Cult of the Great Eleven that was formed in the '20s was connected with Hecate worship and rituals. Hecate. People often put pictures of the triple goddess on city walls, especially at city gates, the entrances to sacred sites, and the doorways of private homes. Some of the statues she made as offerings to the goddess had the Graces dancing around her; In other versions of the story, she is with a pack of dogs. Hecate, however, was not just a goddess shown in three parts. She rules wisdom, choices, expiation, victory, vengeance, and travel. From lino cutting to surfing to childrens mental health, their hobbies and interests range far and wide. Instead, some believe that the goddess originated in Asia Minor. A lot of the same things were said about all of the goddesses. She is also mentioned in Aeneid, a play by Virgil where she guides one of the characters, Sibyl, in the Underworld. By her very nature Hecate was a goddess that existed on the edges of the Greek pantheon, yet she was also a household goddess who watched over every door in Greece. Symbols of Hecate are her place, the crossroads, two torches, and black dogs. Pausanias, a Greek traveller who lived in the second century CE, said that the goddess had a mystery cult on the island of Aegina, where people with mental illness thought they could be cured. According to a legend, Odysseus got the Trojan queen Hecuba as a captive after the defeat of Troy. She is invoked for justice, especially for sexual crimes against women and girls. Hecate was the chief goddess presiding over magic and spells. This is shown in Act III, scene five of the play. Sometimes, as was the case with Hecate, it was a single goddess who was shown with three aspects. She was a goddess that could be both a protective guardian and a source of menace. The people of Sparta claimed that Ares had been nursed by a nymph called Thero. Hecate is usually thought to have originated in Thrace, a wild northern region of Greece that is also known for its tales of Amazons. She was associated with witchcraft, necromancy, and poisons. The goddess was often linked to Demeter, and in some cults, she was seen as the same as Demeter. There are few legends about Her, and no fixed genealogy. Hecate was also offered the sacrifice of dogs, especially puppies. Ft. 1302 Covington Ct, Virginia Beach, VA 23453. The goddess Hecate is one of the Greek goddesses that not many people know about. Still, she was in charge of things that put her in the spotlight. Her companions are theFuries(Erinyes), the winged creatures who punished wrong-doing, and her children are the Empusae, female demons partial to seducing travellers. The Orphic Mysteries said that Hestia was the daughter of Demeter instead. However, the queen killed the Thracian king when on her way to Greece. And when men arm themselves for the battle that destroys men, then the goddess is at hand to give victory and grant glory readily to whom she will. Please note: prices are correct and items are available at the time the article was published. Mike Greenberg, PhD. Eating crunchy while enjoying a good movie or your favourite video game is a blessing. Some of the statues she made as offerings to the goddess had the Graces dancing around her. She witnessed the abduction of Demeters daughter Persephone to the underworld and, torch in hand, assisted in the search for her. She thus becomes a deity of the lower world; but this notion does not occur till the time of the Greek tragedians, though it is generally current among the later writers. It measured 21m x 28m and was built in the Corinthian order with 8 columns on its shorter sides and 11 columns on its longer sides. Hecate is also sometimes interpreted in association with Artemis and Selene. Hecate was the chief goddess presiding over magic and spells. Some myths suggest that Zeus and Hera were the parents of this Goddess, and that is how she came to control the heavens and the earth. She is the witness to every crime. Female monsters also often came in threes, as was the case with the Gorgons and Graea. They include, science, maths, English and more. In revenge for the trick, Eileithyia turned Galinthias into a polecat. The masculine form of this word is said to be used for Apollo, one of the Greek gods. creative tips and more. Hecate was a goddess in Greek Mythology. The goddess was especially appealed to by sorceresses for aid in their magic and spellsand appears on surviving examples of curse tablets. Interesting facts: Hestia was one of three goddesses immune to the influence of Aphrodite. During ancient times the place where roads met or at crossroads, a pole with three masks was erected. Empusa or Empousa (/ m p j u s /; Ancient Greek: ; plural: Empousai) is a shape-shifting female being in Greek mythology, said to possess a single leg of copper, commanded by Hecate, whose precise nature is obscure. Polecats hid in dirty holes and, it was believed by the Greeks, had a grotesque and unnatural way of mating. During the time of the Romans, Hecate was often combined with the gods Artemis and Selene, especially in Roman poetry. Most likely, the cults of Thessalian Pherai (Pherae) and Eleusis saw Hekate as Chthonian (Underworld) Hermes's wife. She is invoked for justice, especially for sexual crimes against women and girls. She is often pictured holding keys because, as the goddess of boundaries, she held the power to open and close the doors to the realm of Hades. Esoteric writing from this time says that Hecate has the heads of a horse, a dog, and a snake. In the Pharsalia, the witch Erichtho calls on Persephone as the lowest part of Hecate. A competing theory says that Hecate did not develop in Greece at all. Several times, authors make a connection between Medeas use of magic, both harmful and protective, and her worship of Hecate. Link will appear as Hecate: https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net - Greek Gods & Goddesses, October 19, 2019, Greek Gods and Goddesses 2010 - 2023 | About | Contact | Sitemap | Privacy, Hecate: https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net, Magic, witchcraft, the night, moon, ghosts and necromancy, None, however in some myths there are various potential offspring mentioned - (Aegialeus, Circe, Empusa, Medea, Scylla). They are associated with certain ideas, occupations, or stages of life. Names derived from hers were common, including Hecatomnus, the father of the ruler Mausolus who built the famous tomb. Seeing her friend in pain, Galinthias tricked the Moirai into thinking the child had been born despite their interference. Hecate can banishghosts(or produce a ghost infestation). Women also prayed to her for fertility and the birth of female children. You can email the site owner to let them know you were blocked. We recognise that not all activities and ideas are appropriate and suitable for all children and families or in all circumstances. Good is she also when men contend at the games, for there too the goddess is with them and profits them and to those whose business is in the grey discomfortable sea, and who pray to Hekate and the loud-crashing Earth-Shaker [Poseidon], easily the glorious goddess gives great catch, and easily she takes it away as soon as seen, if so she will. She convinced her daughter Eiliethyia, the goddess of childbirth, and the Moirai, the Fates, to prevent the birth. Another story of Hecates protective nature also involves another of her sacred animals. The Greeks likewise borrowed many deities and legends from their eastern neighbors. Hecate (also spelt Hekate) is a goddess capable of both good and evil. In fact, she existed in such a nominal place that its difficult to say whether she existed as a singular goddess, a trio of beings, or as a minor aspect of a more major deity. They were often associated with the three stages of life youth, adulthood, and old age. The myth says that Zeus gave the Lampades to Hera as a reward for her loyalty during the Titanomachy. It was believed that she could see in all directions. As you may already know Hecateis a goddess ofGreek mythologywho was capable of both good and evil. The goddess Hecate is generally depicted as either an old woman in a long dress or a young woman in a knee-length skirt with hunting boots. This could be because she sided with him during the 10-year battle between the Titans and the Olympians. 1.5 Baths. The Greeks, too, had many different theories about Hecates origins. The keys that she is sometimes shown holding are supposed to be the keys of the Underworld. These took the form of small cakes of eggs, cheese, bread, and dog meat, which were lit with miniature torches or, alternatively, a dish of red mullet, which was usually prohibited from offerings to the other gods. This article was most recently revised and updated by, From Athena to Zeus: Basics of Greek Mythology, Ancient Origins - Hecate: Triple-Bodied Greek Goddess of Witchcraft and Keeper of Keys, Hecate - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Hecate helps or protects warriors, athletes, hunters, horsemen, herders, shepherds, fishermen, and children. Anyone using the information provided by Kidadl does so at their own risk and we can not accept liability if things go wrong. One of these was the boundary between life and death. First you can set down the offerings to Hekate on the crossroad, just be sure to choose a less travelled crossroads free of heavy traffic for your safety. This does not influence our choices. Hecate is the daughter of Perses and Asteria. If you purchase using the buy now button we may earn a small commission. Further, the home would be blessed and any wrong-doing by family members would be forgiven and the household purified. Persis and Asteria, two Titans from the generation of deities prior to the Olympians, are the legendary parents of Hecate. The chief Greek god, Zeus, was very fond of this Goddess and gave her a share of the earth and sea. In addition to magic and witchcraft, Hecate was also considered to be the Goddess of crossroads, gates, and ghosts. As punishment, she was transformed into a dog to be the companion of Hecate. A: In Greek mythology, Hecate was the Goddess of witchcraft and magic. Numerous smaller sculptures of Hecate remain in which the goddess appears as three separate women, wearing chitons, with the backs pressed against a pillar. Mythical Facts about Hecate Fact 1: Shrines to the goddess were placed at the doorways of homes and as protection from the dead and evil spirits. Some versions of Scylla's myth say she was once a beautiful sea nymph. Hecate is a goddess of life, death, regeneration, and magic. She is also Queen of the Night, and is highly connected to All Hallow's Eve. Her name is akin to the Latin words dium ("sky") and dius ("daylight"). THE MOST COMPLETE COURSE IN PRACTICAL MAGICK EVER RELEA Advanced Magick for the 21st Century The Adeptu 3 Special gods of old Briton You should revisit! She is often pictured holding keys because, as the goddess of boundaries, she held the power to open and close the doors to the realm of Hades. On any trip to Greece, it's helpful to have some knowledge of the Greek gods and goddesses. The one in Lagina stood out the most. She was a goddess in charge of magic, witchcraft, and much more. SOLD JUN 14, 2022. She is also associated with the moon and is sometimes depicted as having three faces which symbolize the waxing, waning, and full moon phases. Offerings to this Goddess were also made during the night of the new moon. She is good in the byre with Hermes to increase the stock. . This made her one of the few deities to have the power to move freely between the world of the living and the underworld. DeTraci Regula is a freelance writer who has specialized in Greek travel and tours for 18 years. She is often displayed holding two torches or a key. Why notsubscribe to our LearningMole Library for as little as 1.99 per month to access over1000fun educational videos. Scholars say that this Apolline name connects Hecate to Artemis, another goddess with a similar area of power. The first sculpture of Hecate in triple form was the (lost) statue by Alcamenes (fifth century BCE) at the Acropolis. And there is a good book titled Hekate liminal rites By David Rankine and Sorite DEsteyou should check out. She was often placed at the entrance of homes to help protect against the evil forces of the world. In Hesiod she is the daughter of the Titan Perses and the nymph Asteria and has power over heaven, earth, and sea; hence, she bestows wealth and all the blessings of daily life. She's also the Queen of Witches. Her tasks went beyond the heavens, the earth, the seas, and the Underworld. But Hecate herself existed in the in between spaces, as well. The most famous witch in Greek mythology received her knowledge of magic from Hecate. You then connect yourself to her through visualizing and forming a mental image of her presence, you then thank her and pray to her. You ask Hecate to feed on these offerings, to accept them as an act of friendship and continued bond and also as an act of gratitude on your part. They spun the threads of fate at the base of. Picture of the Greek Underworld, the residence of Hecate. Like most of the Olympic pantheon, Hecate predates the written mythology of Greece. The Hades and Persephone Story. They gave mortals wealth, victory, wisdom and luck. Hecate typically responds to petitions via visions and dreams. The most popular theory is that the Carians in Asia Minor brought Hecate to Greece, where she became a part of their religion. She is capable of both good and evil and is most often associated with magic and witchcraft. All Rights Reserved, Ancient Egyptians The First Woman Pharaoh, A Crunchy Pistachios Tale: 13 Interesting Facts About These Salty Munchies. Before that, she was just a minor character in the stories of Demeter (Persephones maid) and Artemis. She may be invoked for protection for dogs and from dogs. In fact she seems to have started out as Heket, the Egyptian Goddess of Childbirth. Her friends are the Erinyes, winged creatures that punish bad behaviour, and her children are the Empusae, female demons that like to seduce travellers. Performance & security by Cloudflare. Hectate has neither spouse nor children. A further canine connection may be with theEgyptiangodAnubiswho guided souls to the underworld, and the Greek three-headed hound ofHades, Cerberus, may be an earlier form of Hecate. Her name has been connected to dark magic and disturbing rituals in the works of Shakespeare and well into modern times. Kidadl has a number of affiliate partners that we work with including Amazon. The cave and the dawn are both thresholds- liminal times, thresholds between the earth and the underworld and night and day. My work has also been published on Buzzfeed and most recently in Time magazine. She could switch between being a Titan and a goddess in Greek mythology. She was accompanied by packs of barking dogs. People used to believe that dogs would eat the dead if they werent buried. Hecate was often shown as a single person wearing a long robe and holding burning torches. As a cthonic goddess of the underworld, her rituals and rites were often associated with death and secrecy. ThoughtCo. Hecate rules over the night, magic, and places where three roads meet. Hecate is usually depicted with a burning torch in her hand and with a dog laying at her feet, its head raised. Is Hecate a jealous goddess? I am the owner and chief researcher at this site. There is a belief, therefore, that the three goddesses may be aspects of a singular, earlier deity. Some nymphs in Greek mythology were famous, but others were only known in a certain time Echidna: Greek Mythologys Mother of Monsters, Lamia: The Child-Eating Monster of Greek Legend. The Tridevi The triad of goddesses in Hinduism often represents the three states of creation, preservation, and destruction. Other writers claim her as the daughter ofZeusandDemeter, Aristaion. Her halos are usually made of moonbeams. Regula, deTraci. Hecate was an only child and was worshiped in households of Athens where families hoped to receive protection, prosperity and daily blessings. Kidadl cannot accept liability for the execution of these ideas, and parental supervision is advised at all times, as safety is paramount. Her main jobs were to control boundaries, witchcraft, and the Underworld. This makes her the granddaughter of Phoebe and Coeus, both Titans. These three goddesses are also linked in the Mystery cults. She was the only child of the Titanes Perses and Asteria from whom she received her power over heaven, earth, and sea. A: This Greek Goddess is often considered to be capable of both good and evil. The daughter of Perses and Asteria (twin sister of Leto ), Hecate was a member of the third generation of Titans, but sided with Zeus and his siblings during the Titanomachy. Some early writers claimed that Hecate was actually the princess Iphigenia, saved from death by Artemis and transformed into a goddess. Some authors say that she was the daughter of Zeus and Demeter. The darkness, the moon, and magic have been personified as Hecate in many popular and well-known works of literature and in art. Kidadl is supported by you, the reader. Subscribe for virtual tools, STEM-inspired play, The Twelve Olympian Gods and Goddesses of Greek Mythology, Fast Facts on Helios - Greek God of the Sun, 10 Fast Facts on Athena and Her Parthenon, The Story of Nike, the Greek Goddess of Victory, The Greek God Hades, Lord of the Underworld, Fascinating Stories About the Greek God Cronos, Marzanna, Slavic Goddess of Death and Winter, The Greek Mythology of Clash of the Titans. She could not undo the curse, but she made the polecat her sacred servant. Hecates actual origins may be in caria, Turkey we can find The Temple of Hecate in the Sanctuary of Hecate at Lagina in Caria (modern-day Turkey which has been dated to the last quarter of the 2nd century CE.

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